Comparison Between Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy and physical therapy are similar. Both can be used to help one recover from physical injuries. However, there are some distinct differences. If your child struggles to grasp his toys, do you seek occupational therapy for children, or do you go to a physical therapist? 

Physical therapists are specialists whose concern is the movement of the body. They use massage, exercises, and other techniques to improve motion and mobility. Physical therapists are mainly concerned about the rehabilitation and treatment of physical impairments. 

Occupational therapists, on the other hand, have a variety of functions. They don’t just focus on a single issue. Instead, they help to improve physical, cognitive, visual, and general coordination functions. The occupational therapy Singapore techniques go beyond the physical. 

While physical therapists attempt to strengthen one’s muscles to improve movement, occupational therapies try to understand the root cause of the physical limitations. 

Does your child need occupational therapy? 

Is your child lagging in the development of fine and gross motor skills? Does he have behavioural challenges that keep him from completing tasks? Does he have emotional outbursts that make it difficult for you to predict his mood and reactions? If your response to either one or all these questions is yes, then you need occupational therapy for children. 

Professional Occupational therapists use techniques that focus on three major areas; habilitation, rehabilitation, and wellness promotion. 

The holistic approach used by occupational therapists attempts to identify the reasons behind a child’s inability to perform daily tasks. For example, a child with delayed speech or poorly developed motor skills will be examined for health conditions, such as ADHD, neuromuscular disorders and autism. 

Once the cause is identified, occupational therapy for children is undertaken to improve the child’s independence as much as possible.

Some of the symptoms to look out for in children in need of occupation therapy include;

  • Sensory-processing problems. For example, does your child have delayed or no reactions to physical stimulation? 
  • Poor visual perceptual skills. Some children struggle to make sense of what they see. For instance, some children have a difficult time distinguishing b from d, or p and q. 
  • Poorly developed cognitive skills. A common problem that occupational therapy for children addresses is the inability to pay attention. 

Difficulty with small muscle movements, usually with the fingers, hands, and toes. For example, if your child struggles to grasp a pencil to write, an occupational therapist will introduce exercises to improve your child’s fine motor skills. 

Relationship between physical and occupational therapy

Children in need of physical therapy are not usually in pain. Some need their muscles strengthened to allow them to function optimally. For example, children with a short joint range motion can undergo physical therapy to boost endurance and improve movement in the legs, arms and feet. 

There are cases where occupational therapy for children and physical therapy are necessary to improve a child’s quality of life. After analyzing your child’s shortcomings, it is best to determine if both therapies are necessary. Physical therapy is often used for a limited period. If it is not helpful, the physical therapist may recommend alternative treatments, such as occupational therapy.

Occupational therapy Singapore tends to be a long-term treatment option. This is likely because children are trained to manage the difficulties they face. For example, therapy to improve a child’s social skills may be necessary beyond his childhood years.

Occupational therapy for children requires commitment because what works for one child may not work for another. Occupational therapists try different technique until they find the perfect fit for your child.

Waitlists in Singapore Preschool Programs: Are they Worth It?

Have you approached a preschool in Singapore to seek admission for your child? How often have you put your child’s name on the waitlist? Even worse, if you wait too late, you may be told the school has no vacancy for the next two years! Is the high demand for the particular school or the preschool program? 

According to the Ministry of Social and Family Development, over 90% of children aged five to six years have been enrolled in preschools in the past three years. Preschool in Singapore is optional. Some parents choose to homeschool, but most prefer the preschool program. 

The transformation of the preschool program 

In the 90s, Singapore had very few premium preschool programs. The various kindergartens were also located in town. Since the demand was higher than the preschools available, the waitlist culture was born. Expectant parents even booked slots for their unborn children to ensure they get a place when they get to school-going age!

Although waitlists are still common in some preschools, the lists are not as long as they once were. Between 2007 and 2017, the available slots for preschool children more than doubled, from about 62,000 to 143,000. Child enrolment also increased from 50,000 to 108,000. In 2019, 130,000 children were enrolled in preschool.

The Singaporean kiasu culture was one of the driving forces behind the pressure on specific preschools with long waitlists. Fortunately, some of the popular preschools opened more branches, which increased the number of slots. Additionally, new preschools were established. 

The size of preschools has also been increasing over the years. Today, Singapore is home to the largest preschool in the world. It has enough space that could comfortably fit seven football fields for 1,060 children to learn and play. 

Impact of ECDA on Preschools in Singapore

The Early Childhood Development Agency (ECDA) was formed in 2013. It was tasked with overseeing key aspects of development in children below seven years of age. This includes their preschool education. 

The ECDA subsidises some preschools to enable children from disadvantaged homes to access the preschool program at an affordable rate. The ECDA also made it possible for children attending specific preschools to get direct admission to some primary schools. 

This reduced the waitlist in some schools since some parents preferred not going through searching for the ideal primary school for their preschoolers. Some don’t want to take the risk of being on the waitlist, so they opt for the most direct route, which is admission in the identified kindergarten, irrespective of the preschool program. 

Should you join the preschool waitlist or opt for another kindergarten?

Preschool is the first step to formal education for all children. However, for some parents and kids, this is the first time they will be separated for several hours a day. Parents are looking for the ideal preschool program and an environment that is safe for their young ones. 

The question of whether you should remain on the waitlist depends on your reasons for choosing that specific kindergarten. Is the preschool strategically located? 

Before deciding whether you should place your child’s name on the waitlist or move on, it is best to find out if you can easily get a similar preschool providing equally good services. Instead of focusing on the preschool, look at what you find appealing about the preschool program. 

Is it the teacher-children ratio? The amenities in the preschool? The curriculum? Have a list of the things you are looking for in a preschool. If your preferred preschool has no space, find if you can find another that is strategically located but have a lot in common with your preschool of choice.

As you plan for your child’s preschool years, it is important to have a list of possible preschools and programs that you prefer. This way, if your first choice has no vacancy, you can easily go for plan B. This way, you can continue with your plans without the uncertainty and misgivings of being on a preschool waitlist. 

The 101 on the IB Program

The 101 On The IB Program

The education system has evolved through the years. Kids today pretty much know what they want. When it comes to the kind of program that they would like to be a part of they make no bones in letting their parents know, and if they have the capability they enter the IB program.

The IB programme Singapore has been proven to be a wonder for children the world over. Let us look at the 101 on the international baccalaureate program.

� The IB diploma available for two years is aimed at teens in the 16-18 year range. The advantage of the program is that it is recognized the world over making it a breeze to get admission in educational institutions anywhere, not to mention a robust career later.
� The program originated in Geneva, Switzerland in the mid-1960s on a trial basis. The bilingual diploma is taught in French, Spanish and English. As a means to get ahead, students who have attended an IB program in school are likely to progress faster than their peers in other regular courses.
� Rules are different from the run of the mill admission system for the IB program. The student is evaluated through internal and external assessments. The examinations are timed and the assessments are based on three criteria � oral, written and general practical work.
� Grading students desirous of joining the course is dependent on their ability to analyze, speak well, are well informed, can think clearly, are precise and have a general feel for structure. The process as a whole is rigorous and not for everyone. Kids need to top of their game to get ahead of the course.
� Students opting for the IB course must have six subjects as their electives. The process is very specific and requires students to be commitment driven. The course content is divided into various groups. Group one � concentrates on literature and language. Group two � language acquisition. Group three � humanities Group four � experimental science. Group five- mathematics. Group six � the arts.
� From a general perspective children better their overall score and get ahead in life once they pass the IB course. As a program, it is extremely advantageous and benefits children to think out of the box. From the point of view of getting ahead, the international baccalaureate/IB degree helps better their career prospects.

In a Nutshell
In sum, the international baccalaureate program has a well-marked system that benefits students improve their learning and retentive abilities.

How do I teach my child read and write Chinese?


Children are very intuitive and intelligent and you will realize that they adapt to learning a new language like fish to water. Once you start with teaching your children Chinese, you will realize that children are far more advanced in understanding daily conversations than they are in recognizing Chinese characters. This is very common and one should create a learning environment for the children to develop listening skills and speaking skills through daily conversation.

How do I teach my children to read Chinese?

It is very important to have a very solid grasp on Chinese characters no matter at what age a child starts to learn Chinese. This is important to develop good reading skills. Children are very easily bored by the complexities involved in going from a phonogram-based language (English), to a logogram-based language (Chinese). It is the job of a teacher to make the child feel confident right at the start of their Mandarin-learning journey. This will help them to naturally sustain their enthusiasm and maintain their interest in the subject. 

How should I prepare a younger child to learn Chinese?

For younger kids it s very easy to learn if you associate physical objects to the characters. What you can do is print out Chinese characters in a large font with their pinyin and stick it around the house and put these flashcards on the objects. This will help kids learn faster and they can also relate to the character much more and make Chinese characters seem much more approachable and fun.

Create a game and make Learning fun

You can make learning Chinese great fun for kids by creating a game out of it. You can start by asking your children to match Mandarin Chinese character flashcards to the objects in the house. All you need to do is prepare a host of flashcards and run around the house to stick the correct flashcard to the correct object. Slowly expand the game to the outdoors as well and match flashcards to items in the supermarket.

Buy Basic Level Chinese Books

For older kids when they attain a certain level proficiency, you can buy them Children’s books in Chinese. These Chinese children’s books are very child friendly and written with pinyin next to the characters. This is to help sound out the phonetics and can be a good confidence builder and be a very good resource to help expand your children’s vocabulary. For older kids it is very important to retain their excitement and maintain their interest in the subject. In order to that one must invest in the variety of books available on the market today. These books cover a variety of topics such as cooking, nature and comic books. 

How do I teach My Child to Write Chinese Characters?

Apart from enrolling your kids in a Chinese Kindergarten in Singapore writing Chinese characters can be pretty daunting for a child for the first few times and the child might feel it pretty difficult, but the key is perseverance and this needs to be taught to the child. Towards the beginning the child might feel it is doing rout memorization but their skills definitely improve over a period of time and the important thing is not give up. Practice makes perfect and eventually your kids will be able to write structured sentences in Mandarin Chinese. It is very important that you make the child understand that Chinese needs to be written by hand and you can introduce rewards to encourage the same.

These are some of the basic tips to help your child read and write Chinese. As already mentioned, perseverance is key in this regard.

How Can Math Enrichment Programs Help Your Kids?

Well-designed math enrichment programs support, improve and deepen students to understand mathematical concepts and lessons. The scope of these programs can go much beyond than simply helping pupils to be at par with their other batch-mates or peers. Enrichment class for toddlers are good as it helps in expanding mathematical knowledge and generate genuine and sincere interest in this subject from young. Students who are good with mathematical concepts and the subject may be keen for higher challenges and want to get enrolled in these programs that are usually conducted by highly-skilled math tutors.

These courses have been specially designed so that your child learn much more than what they do in their schools. This will challenge their capacity in their mathematical ability. Coupled with instructors that are specially trained, children will enjoy what they are learning with great precision, and it will build their tenacity in understanding concepts.

Here are three ways in which a Math enrichment programs can actually benefit your kids.

Improve your child’s self-esteem

There will be very few people who will disagree with the fact that abacus math for kindergarten is an extremely challenging method . When there are not so successful trials to master it, your child may suffer from issues related to his or her self-esteem. It is possible for math enrichment program’s to foster an environment, which is both supportive as well as positive, thus ensuring that the concerned students are confident in their abilities to grasp the subject well. Errors, if committed are regarded as a part and parcel of the overall learning process. Additionally uphill are motivated to learn from their mistakes and utilize their learning as they go ahead.

Promoting in-depth understanding of the subject

People learn through different ways. There could be some students who learn better when the concepts are explained through real-world and practical examples while there could be other students who find the graphic and visual representations simpler to understand the same mathematical concepts well. The aim of math enrichment programs is to utilize various mathematical models for promoting an inclusive and complete understanding of the different concepts and lessons being explained. The beauty of these programs is that the lessons are explained in such a manner that the subject becomes alive and interesting, thus becoming more enlightening, entertaining and engaging for pupils irrespective if their level of expertise.

A focused way of learning

The mathematical challenges faced by each student can be unique. This factor is taken into consideration by math enrichment programs so that a customized approach can be developed targeting the challenges faced by each student.

The Benefits Of Toddler Enrichment Reading Classes

One of the best gifts you can give your child is to enroll them in an enrichment class where reading and learning are an integral part of their culture. Studies show that kids who are exposed to enrichment sessions are likely to graduate from college and keep a job. They also have an easier time articulating themselves. Reading out to them can enable them to master the proper rhythms and flow of language.

I. Hastens Toddler Development. Studies show that the brain size of toddlers will triple in size during the first year and it will also develop neural pathways that help them process content. By reading to them, you will help them learn languages faster and more efficiently that their peers. This, in turn, increases their fluency and maturity. Kids who can properly communicate generally tend to exhibit confidence and self-assurance.

II. It Enhances Their Personality. Character development is very critical, especially for younger kids. Enrolling them in activities for toddlers expands their scope of thinking and stimulates their imagination. Kids who’ve been through enrichment reading classes tend to perform better once they start schooling. They also show greater versatility and interesting personalities. Enrichment gives them a head start that they need to excel throughout their school life. This confidence is essential to overall success.

III. Improved Social skills. Kids who learn simple social skills before joining kindergarten tend to have an easier time learning. They also have it easy interacting and asking for help from their friends and teachers. These kids perform well even if they are not particularly smart. It makes them come across as far much more mature than their peers in the enrichment reading classes. Social skills come in handy in places where teamwork and cooperation is needed.

IV. Love For Books. Kids who get to attend enrichment classes are able to interact with concepts in a manner that is not focused on examination. This, in turn, helps them to learn to enjoy reading for the sake of reading rather than get caught up in studying for exams. This makes them more inventive and enthusiastic thinkers rather than just rote learners. This counts a lot in their ability to use their knowledge to associate real-world solutions to everyday problems.

V. Structured Learning. Enrichment reading classes provide a moderated way of learning that makes it easier for you to gauge the progress of your child. This means you are able to tell whether you are getting value for money. It’s also possible to show which skills your kid is particularly good at. This acts as the first stage through which you can begin to guide your child towards the skills they are good at.

Childcare – Knowing Which Provider Suits The Home

Two working parents has become a common setup in most families today. Society has become open-minded with the need for mothers to help provide for the family. Thus, proper child-rearing has been a strong and primary concern for working parents, especially if children have reached school age. The parents’ responsibility is to find reputable institutions or individuals which will provide the proper childcare that the children needs in playgroup.

The fact is most childcare facilities are run extremely well, with hard working, dedicated and totally professional staff in playgroup Singapore who love what they do and are good at their job. For the 4% of nurseries, childminders and creches who remain unsatisfactory, lessons could certainly be learnt from the vast majority who do such an excellent job in educating and looking after our children.

Childcare Options

Childcare refers to the supervision of children in the absence of parents or guardians. Childcare is called for when there are minors in the house who need taking care of. When parents are away from work, the childcare provider shall act as the second parent. In some cases, parents require childcare for children when they need to spend quality time together away from home.

Depending on the situations of parents and the age of the children, childcare may be an every day or occasional requirement. Childcare may be done in the home of the kids, in the home of the childcare provider or in an established childcare or daycare centre.

Most parents choose in-home childcare such as the nanny, babysitter, au pair and governess because of the belief that their home is safer for the children.

The Nanny

In the old days, nannies are employed only by the rich or the aristocrats. Nowadays, many families employ nannies for childcare, excluding the traditional concept of a nanny who wears a uniform.

A nanny is an individual who looks after children to provide the necessary childcare. Basic duties include childcare during the agreed hours set by the employer; supporting the intellectual and social development of the children; protection of the children from harm; meal preparations; proper communication with the employers; and sometimes maintenance of cleanliness of the home.

The nanny may be hired as a live-in or live-out employee on a full-time basis. Formal training is not commonly required but advantageous. Parents prefer a nanny who has previous on-the-job experience.

The Babysitter

Unlike a nanny, a babysitter is hired on a part-time basism usually when the parents are still at work or out on weekends. Babysitting requires no formal training. Mostly, babysitters are teenagers who need the extra money. While training is not required, babysitters should have the right skills in times of emergency.

Choosing the right childcare option for the family takes considerable time and extensive research. It is noteworthy to consider that parents should never depend on childcare providers alone to support the growth of children. More importantly, parents must remain to balance time to be with the children in their growing up years.

How to imbue a hardworking quality in a child

One of the characteristics that is vital for an individual who wants to achieve success is hard work. There are however a lot of people that are not able to work hard, due to the fact that they were not trained on this trait.

They have always had things done for them right from when they were young and have never really deemed it necessary to work hard. There are also others who are not very motivated to work hard. Their inability to work hard subsequently affects their productivity and the rate of success they are able to achieve. Therefore, it is vital for parents to start to imbue hard work in their kids from a very young age, so that it becomes a habit for them by the time they are older. Here are some steps parents can take to imbue a hardworking quality in their child.


Parents need to be patient when teaching their child how to be hard working. This is because most children might try as much as possible to avoid this training and try not to do any work when they noticed they are not being watched. Parents must therefore patiently tutor their children on how to be hardworking, as well as the importance of being hardworking.

Subsequently, they would have to give them tasks on a daily basis and watch how they carry out the task. They should not only ensure that the child does the task, but they should make sure that the task is done at the right time and that it is properly done. Continuously tutoring the child in this way would help them to develop the habit of being hardworking and diligent. As they grow, they would be able to properly carry out the tasks they are given at the right time.

Praise the child when he deserves it

Everybody loves to be encouraged when they have done the right thing. It is therefore important for parents to praise their child when they have done something that is worthy of praise. Parents must constantly tell their child words like thank you, well done and good job, amongst several related words, when they have properly carried out a task to the end. This would help them to know that they have done the right thing. Tutors of enrichment classes for toddlers in Singapore also understand this and always put nice remarks after marking their work and they get a good or perfect mark.

Regularly check the study habits of the child

The major task that most children are expected to do is their school work. Parents must therefore regularly check the study habits of their children to ensure they are copying their notes in class and that their assignments are personally done. This would encourage the child to be hardworking in school. This trait would also reflect in other aspects of their lives as well. They would therefore be successful in their activities and also be hardworking while pursuing their careers.

Tips for spending quality family time with your toddlers

One of the most valuable times a parent with toddlers can have is family time. During this period, parents have the opportunity to follow their toddler, observe them, laugh, guide, encourage, kiss and hug them. All of these are very important to the toddler as it makes them get closer to their parents, love them more, enhances the understanding between both of them and makes them happier.

Generally, the toddler is able to have more self-confidence and feel loved. The children feel that they have supportive parents, their moods are relaxed and both parents and toddler are able to play happily together. Here are some tips parents can follow to spend quality family time with their toddlers.

Plan interesting activities for every family time

The easiest way to have your toddlers looking forward to the next family time you are going to have with them is to have interesting activities, that would be benefit them, carefully selected. These activities should generally centre around enrichment class for toddlers and could include dance classes, music lessons, sports activities and school activities.

Parents should however try to ensure that they help the toddler to develop interest in these activities. This will make the kids to be happy partaking in these activities and also make it easy for them to learn it. These will help to ensure that the child learns at least one or more new things during this special and cherished family time.

Introduce fun activities

It is pertinent to note that loading the family time with too much learning activities could stress the child and could make the child not interested in the time. Based on this, parents should introduce fun activities to the family time. While the enrichment class for toddlers could last for only 20 minutes of the time, fun activities should cover for at least 40 percent of the time.

The fun activities could include games and plays such as hide and seek as well as trying to solve puzzles. These fun activities would sure make the child happy and make them regularly look forward to every family time. As frequently as possible, new games should be introduced as the child gets older as he might get tired of the same game, if it is repeated every time.

Bonding time

Apart from the earlier listed activities, parents should also use the family time to try to bond with their toddlers. This should cover at least 20 percent of the time and could entail watching a cartoon or educational video CDs for toddlers together. During this period, it would be better if some level of body contact is maintained, like placing the toddler on your lap or laying the child on your chest. This would make the toddler get closer to the parents. Parents could also use the opportunity to read kid stories or sing rhymes and poems together with the child. This will make the family time worth the while for the child.

Things to consider when registering a toddlers in a music school

All over the world, there are an increasing number of music schools where toddlers can be registered to learn music. More parents are also getting to know about the importance of registering their toddlers in a music school. In the present world, registering children for music lessons at a very young age is essential as they can start to learn and develop their talent in music at a very young age. If you have a toddler and have decided to register them in a music school, you have made a right choice. There is however the need to pause and ensure that you get a music school where your toddler can be effectively taught music lessons. Here are some things you should consider in a music school, when you are hunting for a music school to enrol your kids.


The type of lessons that will be offered in the music school is vital as this will decide if the child will be able to learn or not. Most music schools that take toddlers have lessons that are structured particularly for toddlers and are within their ability. Parents can enrol their toddlers in this type of music school as they can be sure that what the toddler is being taught is not beyond what he or she will not be able to comprehend. This is because teaching very complex things to a toddler could make it difficult for the toddler to learn. Furthermore, this could be frustrating to the toddler and he or she could lose all interest in learning music. If, however, he is to learn from lessons that are specially structured for his age group, it would be easier for him to learn and his interest will increase.


The major reason why parents would register their toddler in a music school is due to the benefits that it offers. Apart from learning music or how to play a particular musical instrument, the music classes for toddlers should be able to enhance the cognitive development of the toddler. When kids are at the toddler phase, their brains develop very quickly, making it the perfect time to introduce the kids to a lot of sensory environments. Extra classes for toddlers such as music lessons can therefore positively enhance the growth of the child. Registering toddlers in music classes is therefore essential due to the many benefits the child enjoys from it.

Class content

The content of the music classes should be considered by the parents. The parents should be convinced that the class content is something that will help the child learn something new, before enrolling them in the class. Important contents for toddler-level music classes should include encouraging the child to work on their musical ability, singing of normal nursery rhymes, while trying to add rhythm with the aid of a simple instrument. This content would be easy for the toddler to grasp and would also make it easy for the child to learn to sing better or play other musical instruments when they grow older.

Preparing Your Child For Activities For Toddlers Programs

In a constantly changing world, the needs of each and every person is also continuously changing. If before, the food, clothing and shelter is our only primary needs, now it has already evolve into so many things. One things that has been added unto such need is the proper education.

Each person deserves to have one, and it shall begin at the very earliest stage of their lives and that is the early child hood. It is very important that kids should already be taught what is right and wrong at a very young age. This is why parents needs to enroll their children in some activities for toddlers programs .

This kind of programs will enable the children to develop their hidden talents and skills, plus it will increase their network of friends. It is the very firs step of learning and this is a very crucial stage in their lives. Preparing your kids for this endeavor is easy by following these few and simple ways.

Set an earlier bedtime. As parents, you must train your kids to obey unto you. Make him sleep early in the night so that he will have enough strength for his class in the next day. Also, having enough sleep would enable his brain to function properly. Do this months before the classes so that he will get used to it.

Address the separation anxiety. This is the very first tie that your kid will go out of his comfort zone. Make sure that yo have trained him so that he will not cry the moment you will leave. You can address this separation anxiety by practicing a goodbye ritual. You could actually ask some friends to look over unto your child while you are away and ensure your child that you will come back later.

Potty train them. At an early age, you must teach your children how to manage his call of nature. This is very important, not just to avoid embarrassment of your kid, but it would test his maturity. By doing this, you will be rest assured that your child will be able to handle himself while you are away.

Make a stop at the school. One thing that you must do to avoid surprises on your kid is to allocate some time in visiting the school. Introduce and make known unto him the place, and tell him that such would be his second home so he should not be afraid.

Teach him to socialize. If your kid is a shy type, it would really be a great idea to send him unto this kind of institution. In this way, he will be able to meet new friends. But before that, you must first teach him how to make friends in order to overcome his shyness.